According to The World Bank, almost 49.52 percent of the total population of Bangladesh is women and soon it will be more than 50 percent. But the ratio is much less in education particularly in technical subjects. In recent years Bangladesh has witnessed a revolution in textile education. Number of universities, institutions, students and job scopes all got a huge surge in textile related subjects. In most of those technical subjects, male female ratio is very poor. Significantly less number of female students is taking such subjects. So the industry is witnessing less number of female candidates in the job positions.
While females are dominating in the skilled workers positions in textile and RMG factories, there is acute shortage of female candidates in management positions. Many sector and companies has witnessed the benefits of hiring women in the management positions. And demand for such technically educated women is increasing in the sector. So, for a growing sector like textile and clothing, Bangladesh should be aware of that fact that this is the high time to motivate female students to pay interest of learning technical subjects.
A big reason of Bangladesh is failing to increase its possibilities for becoming a developed country is because of very few female students study technical subjects. It’s a great threat for Bangladesh in this era of communication and technology where half of its populations are not interested in such subjects like Science & Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. This is only because of the working environmental and social barriers like stereotypes, gender biasedness and the hostile working environment of science and engineering departments in colleges and universities that continue to block women’s progress.
Recently, 233 Students have received ‘Prime Minister Gold Medal’ of UGC (University Grants Commission). However, the award was introduced in 2006 with the aim of encouraging the students to flourish their talent and it’s a great sign that some female students achieved this award for their wonderful dedication to some really important technical subjects like BSc. in Textile Engineering, Computer science etc.
Bangladesh University of Textiles (BUTEX) is the first ever public university of South Asia that specializes in Textile Engineering. And it’s a great sign that one of their female student, Mst Tania Aktek achieved the ‘Prime Minister Gold Medal’ because of her wonderful result as a Textile Engineering Student which can encourage many other female students who still don’t think that technical subject might be suitable for them. Mst Tania Aktek is now working as a Lecturer of BGMEA University of Fashion and Technology (BUFT) and she really thinks that lack of female students in the department of textile will be harmful for the future of Bangladesh where a lot of gaps to be filled with technically skilled students. And, she also expressed her opinion that to remain competitive in an increasingly interconnected world, Bangladesh needs to ensure the female education more effectively; otherwise it cannot remain the high wage of economy with a generation where females are still dominated by saying that they don’t need a good career; just a degree is enough for her.
Many female professionals like Mst. Tania are contributing in many roles in textile and clothing value chain. However, the impact of industrialization on the lives of many women is clearly high. Since 1980, the RMG sector of Bangladesh remains the first industry to provide large scale employment opportunities to women in Bangladesh where women traditionally do not work outside their home.
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