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China & India: Two immense powers of textile chemicals and dyestuff manufacturing

Every year Bangladesh imports a lot of dyes and chemicals for dyeing and finishing the fabric and yarn that is being used in garment making in the RMG industry. Significant amount of foreign currency is being lost due to this huge import every year. Most of the time imported chemicals and pigments are liquid in nature means water content is there hence we are importing that water as well. Bangladesh can look in to market and see the possibilities of investing in dyestuff and chemical industry here. There are few chemical manufacturing units here in Bangladesh but none of them is doing chemical synthesis. They only do few formulations here. One reactive dyestuff manufacturing unit has been set recently but still to start production.

Now China is the strongest market for producing & consuming dyes and pigments. The total   Product Sales Revenue of china per year is USD 7.62 billion. Dyestuff Production is over 0.756 million tons where Organic Pigment Production is over 0.224 million tons. China trades Dyestuff and Pigment over 0.499 million tons which costs over USD 2.869 billion. Above data are of 2010 which has been revealed in the Dyestuff forum’s sustainable seminar held in Barcelona, ITMA 2011 recently. In the conference Mr. Tian Liming, Secretary General of China Dyestuff Industry Association presented his slides to show the status and trend of Chinese dyestuff industry.

Mr. Tian informed that main export countries and regions of Chinese dyestuff are Korea, India, Indonesia, Taiwan region, Turkey, Pakistan, USA and Hong Kong SAR, while the main export countries and regions of pigment are USA, Germany, Belgium, Japan, Korea, Holland, U.K. and Italy.

He depicted that Chinese government and enterprises paid more attention on technological progress in the past 5 years & developed more than 300 varieties of dyestuff and pigments as well as production process and equipment technology made great progress. Chinese chemical industry areas are growing up, 70% companies settled in the industrial zone producers, which output accounted for 85% of total volume.

Talking about sustainability Mr. Tian informed that through development and application of the clean production technologies, such as membrane filtration, puree dried, hydrogenation, Dye industrial wastewater has been effectively managed and controlled. Wastewater decreased 15-18 million tons and COD reduced 0.15-0.2 million tons per year.

China has become the No.1 country in terms of dyestuff production. It is very significant to make technological innovation in future. The Chinese enterprises are devoted to the dyestuff production research and cost input. China improved the construction of international brand and insists on the ways of developing quality, environmental protection, integrity and brand. Through independent innovation, the brand of proprietary intellectual property rights in the core technology is processed. Through the market service and promotion, the procession of international competitive famous-brand products is achieved. At the same time attention has been paid to end-of-pipe control, clean production, and comprehensive process technology to make these popular. In this conditions, generations of wastes decreased 10% annually.


India has immerged in colossal form in textile world recently. Now the country is the 2nd largest producer of raw cotton as well as 2nd largest producer of cotton yarn & silk. It has become the largest producer of jute and organic cotton as well. The size of Indian textile industry is US$ 70 billion that contributes 4% to the GDP and contributes 14% to the industrial production as well as 17% to total exports. This industry generates employment for 35 million people.

Mr. Janak Mehta, Immediate past President of the Dyestuffs Manufacturers’ Association of India was delivering above stated information in his speech given in the dyestuff seminar held on 25th September in ITMA 2011. Mr. Mehta was the moderator of the panel discussion held at the first day of the confirence.

Focussing to the dyestuff and chemical industry he informs that total number of dyes manufacturer in India is more than 950, which are situated on the Mumbai- Ahmadabad corridor and the total turnover is around us$ 3.4 billion. Their total export is us$ 2.3 billion where global market share is 12.5%. India produces mainly reactive dyes; disperse dyes, sulphur dyes, vat dye, acid dyes, organic pigments & others. In future their trends are liquid reactive dyes, paste form of vat dye, ready to use stable dispersions, metal complex dyes to use less toxic metals, improvement in levelling properties, restriction in photo degradation in Cationic dyes, to use pigments for dyeing etc.

If anyone has any feedback or input regarding the published news, please contact: info@textiletoday.com.bd

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