India exhibiting and celebrating Jamdani

Desk Report       
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Jamdani, a cloth of muslin group, is a nationally and internationally famous fabric of Bangladesh. An exhibition titled “Jamdani: Tradition and Technique – An Introduction to the Historical Textile” is continuing at Bikaner House in the national capital of India where a wide range of Jamdani saris woven in Bangladesh, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and South India are displaying to the visitors.

The exhibition is being organized by the Delhi Crafts Council and it will continue till December 17. This exhibition is both a showcase as well as a celebration of this intricate art of weaving that once draped royalty and has once again found favour with discerning textile lovers.

Jamdani is a term normally used for the technique of loom-embroidery wherein discontinuous extra or supplementary weft yarn is woven into the warp threads as per the desired pattern while weaving progresses. Although jamdani essentially means sari, there are, of course, jamdani scarves, kurtas, turbans, skirts, handkerchiefs, screens and tablecloths as well. According to Banglapedia, in the 17th century, dresses like Khrta and Sherwani were made of jamdani fabric. A special type of jamdani cloth was produced for tailoring the Nepalese dress of ‘ranga’ during the Mughal reign.

The exhibition is showcasing vintage and contemporary pieces of Jamdani sari from museums and private collections. There will also be a sale of contemporary Jamdani textiles at the exhibition by weavers from around India.

“Like many other textiles Jamdani has faced its share of challenges in modern times. The Jamdani exhibition is an initiative by Delhi Crafts Council to celebrate as well as bring to the forefront this ethereal weaving technique. By honoring these talented Jamdani artisans and showcasing their extraordinary creations we hope to educate people about the skill involved in weaving Jamdani”, said a representative of Delhi Craft Council.

India is producing ‘Jamdani’ by using power looms where Bangladesh is still using conventional handlooms. For the mechanization, their production is high and they have variety in color and designs. The Government of Bangladesh should take effective measures to keep the glory history of Jamdani alive and restore Jamdani as Bangladesh’s own product and heritage. All the people of Bangladesh related to the textile sector should come forward to promote Jamdani, a proud of Bangladesh’ from the Mughal era. With the recent developments around Jamdani could be new hope for Bangladesh.

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