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Sustainability

Need to ensure environmental compatibility of textile production

Environmental impact assessment for planning industrial plants, power stations, or transport must tackle many challenges. With our increasing knowledge about natural living habitats and interdependencies, the requirements that go with the approval procedure are increasing as well.

ensuring-environmental-compatibility-textile-production
Figure 1: improving environmental compatibility is essential here as the next generation can meet their demand without any problem.

To improve environmental compatibility is essential here as the next generation can meet their demand without any problem.

An outline of the environmental compatibility of the productions of cotton, wool, rayon, lyocell, nylon, polyester, and animal skin supported standards, none of these textile materials are made while there is an adverse environmental impact.

Since the beginning of the Nineteen Seventies, laws from U.S. federal state, and native governments just like the hepatotoxic substances’ management act, Clean water act, Resource conservation and recovery act (Smith, 1991) have needed the trade to reinforce the quality of personal safety, health, and so the surroundings.

Also, in recent years, shoppers became more and more awake to the environmental consequences of the product they obtain. The final public considerations over environmental problems have forced the textile trade to step by step respond through introducing a lot of environmentally safe textile-producing methods (Abend, 1994).

sustainable-textile-production
Figure 2: A textile factory in Bangladesh processing liquid waste with a state-of-the-art facility to ensure environmental sustainability.

For example, in 1992, the American Textile Manufacturers Institute (ATMI) launched its Encouraging Environmental Excellence (E3) program to encourage reducing, reusing and recycling.

The program conjointly inspired companies to see environmental goals, to provide worker education on environmental problems, and to increase community environmental awareness. Let’s have a look on Chart: –

An outline of environmental compatibility of the productions of several textile products
Textile Product Nonpolluting to obtain, process, and fabricate Made from renewable resources Fully biodegradable Reusable
/recyclable
Cotton No
fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, dyes and finishing chemicals used can pollute air, water, and soil
Yes

cotton comes from cotton plants that are renewable

Yes Yes

but it is difficult to recycle cotton from postconsumer products because of the presence of dyes and other fibers

Wool No
runoff contamination, chemicals used for cleaning, dyeing, and finishing chemicals can cause pollution
Yes

wool comes from sheep, which are renewable

Yes Yes

wool has been recycled

Rayon No

harsh chemicals used to process wood pulp, and dyes and finishing chemicals can cause pollution

No

wood pulp used for rayon comes from mature forest

Yes Yes

but rayon fibers have not been recycled

Tencel No

chemicals used for dyeing and finishing can cause pollution

Yes

trees used for tencel are replaced

Yes Yes

but tencel has not been recycled

Polyester No

chemicals used for dyeing and finishing can cause pollute air and water

No

petroleum sources are not renewable

No Yes

100% polyester has been recycled

Nylon No

chemicals used for dyeing and finishing can cause pollute air and water

No

petroleum sources are not renewable

No Yes

100% nylon has been recycled

Leather No

livestock production and chemicals used for tanning and dyeing can cause pollution

Yes

leathers come from animal skins and hides

Yes Yes

leather products can be reused

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